Extended Momento Fig. 5 Modern observational pH shows modest zonal pH gradients

For the odd point to the far right (dark orange, x), Raitzsch et al 109

a, b, High-resolution sea surface temperature records from western equatorial Pacific site ODP 806 G. ruber-derived Mg/Ca data 116 (a) and eastern equatorial Pacific ODP Site 846 alkenone (U K? 37) data 117 (b). In both panels the ages of the

1 Ciononostante samples con this study are overlain as green lines, falling at different points sopra the glacial–interglacial cycles. c, Core culmine, net tow, and sediment trap d 11 B data 36,109,110 converted preciso pH using the calibration of Henehan et al. 36 shows good agreement with reported durante situ pH. calculated durante situ pH using an anomalous low value of alkalinity (

200 ?mol kg ?1 lower than alkalinity for the location reported durante datasets such as GLODAPv2 66 . Recalculating pH using the same con situ temperature and salinity as Raitzsch et al. but an alkalinity value derived from GLODAPv2 (2,325 ?mol kg ?1 ) brings the point per agreement with the other giorno (empty dark orange circle). For the odd point sopra the lower part of the figure (dark green, x), Guillermic and colleagues 110 . report an unrealistic value for temperature at this site:

26 °C on average according puro GLODAPv2. When we sovrano-calculate ? 11 B-pH derived pH using GLODAPv2’s 26 °C, this brings the point into better agreement with the other data (empty dark green circle). The line of best fit and 2? shading was calculated with the original odd giorno points, however, and note that the core culmine datazione is still per good agreement with reported durante situ pH following this calibration.

a–d, Observed pH (or pH calculated from alkalinity and total dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC)) from all cruises within 5° latitude and longitude of our study sites (pale profiles) during neutral-ENSO (a), El Nino (b) and La Nina conditions (c). Thick lines durante panels verso–c esibizione average profiles from all stations on verso given cruise. d, Average pH-depth profiles from all neutral-ENSO observations. Modern reference values of pH (that is, diamonds on the y axis mediante Fig. 2) were derived from averaging panel d’s profiles over 25–50 m depth (approximate depth ambiente of Oppure. universa). e–g, Modern pH derived from cruise-based observations of alkalinity and total DIC. Data compiled from the GLODAPv2 dataset 66 and plotted using the Ocean Data View programma (R. Schlitzer, Ocean Tempo View, 2018). Overlain are this study’s sites (black diamonds) https://datingranking.net/it/wildbuddies-review/ as well as the site of the additional 3 Eppure pH values 51 included in Fig. 2 (blue square).

Extended Giorno Fig. 6 An enhanced early Pliocene/late Miocene zonal pH gradient is observed under different treatments of the tempo.

? 11 B-derived pH from O. universa from the east (blue) and west (red) with 2? uncertainty from per Caterva Carlo simulation (empty circles; averages at

6 Ma in filled circles) showing: all observations of modern pH used in producing average modern pH reference values (diamonds) given as individual dashes (a), the range of pH from using varied SST records in the pH calculation (grey bars) (b), pH as calculated using the SST record derived from calibrating this study’s Mg/Ca data with the BAYMAG calibration 88 (c), and pH as calculated using dissolution-corrected 118 Mg/Ca SSTs from this study (yellow squares) (d). In panel b, pH ranges cover pH calculated using: TEX86-derived 3 SSTs, Mg/Ca-derived SSTs (this study) using a linear correction for Mg/CaSW, and Mg/Ca-derived SSTs (this study) using a power-law correction 87 for Mg/CaSW. Both Mg/Ca-SST calibrations were done using the Mg/CaSW record of Fantle and DePaolo 81 .

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